Itching, redness, inflammation and other skin conditions are very common, but their cause may not always be easily identifiable. Rashes can be caused by many things, including plants (poison ivy, pollen), allergic reactions to a medication or a food, or an illness (measles, chickenpox, meningitis). Eczema and hives are both related to allergies, are two of the most common skin rashes.
1. Atopic dermatitis
This is an on-going (chronic) condition that leads to itchy, inflamed skin. Most often it appears as patches on the face, neck, trunk or limbs, but it can happen anywhere on the body. It tends to flare up periodically and then subside for a while when proper lotions are applied. It is usually diagnosed by a qualified physician and requires the use of specific treatments as well as avoiding warm water baths.
Hives (urticaria) appear as red bumps or welts on the body. The condition is called acute urticaria if it lasts up to six weeks, and chronic urticaria for any period longer than that. Acute urticaria is most commonly caused by exposure to an allergen or because of an infection. However, the cause of chronic urticaria is unknown.
3. Contact dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is generally a reaction that appears when the skin comes in contact with an irritant or an allergen. Symptoms range from a rash, blisters, itching and burning. Skin irritants include water, soap, detergent, fabric softeners and shampoos, but are not limited to these. A subtype of this condition is photoallergic contact dermatitis, where the reaction occurs when the skin, where shaving lotion, some perfumes and sunscreen has been applied, is exposed to sunlight.
4. Latex allergy
This condition develops after prolonged exposure to latex products, including balloons or medical gloves. Symptoms include hives, itching or a stuffy or runny nose and some people may even experience asthma attacks.
There are a variety of factors that can cause eczema – from food and plant allergy to bacterial infections, climate/environment and stress. It can be a very painful condition that consists in the forming of dry, itchy patches of red skin on the torso, legs, face, arms and other parts of the body. Warm showers worsen it and in some severe cases treatment with corticosteroid ointments is required. As there are different types of eczema – proper diagnose is necessary in determining the right treatment. This is why Dr Harmandeep Sidhu at Chandigarh employs a highly personalized approach in treating his patients, thus guaranteeing outstanding results.